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Politician & Activist

Sajid Javid

Sajid Javid is a British politician who has served as the Member of Parliament for Bromsgrove since 2010.

A member of the Conservative Party, he was Home Secretary from 2018 to 2019 and Chancellor of the Exchequer from 2019 to 2020.

Javid was the first British Asian to hold one of the Great Offices of State in the UK.

  • Full name: Sajid Javid
  • Profession: British politician
  • Born: 5 December 1969, Rochdale, England, United Kingdom
  • Spouse: Laura Javid (m. 1997)
  • Residence: 11 Downing Street
  • Previous offices: Chancellor of the Exchequer (2019–2020), MORE
  • Children: Sophia Javid, Suli Javid, Rania Javid, Maya Javid
  • Education: SGS College Filton, University of Exeter, Downend School
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About Sajid Javid

Javid was born on 5 December 1969 in Rochdale, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom. He is one of five sons of Pakistani immigrant parents.

Javid’s family were farmers from the village of Rajana near Toba Tek Singh, Punjab, from where they migrated to the UK in the 1960s.

His father worked as a bus driver. His mother did not speak English until she had been in the UK for ten years.

His family moved from Lancashire to Stapleton Road, Bristol, as his parents took over a shop there, and the family lived in a two-bedroom flat above it. Javid is able to hold a conversation in Punjabi.

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As a teenager, Javid developed an interest in financial markets, following the Thatcher government’s privatisations.

He says that, at the age of fourteen, he borrowed £500 from a bank to invest in shares and became a regular reader of the Financial Times.

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From 1981 to 1986, Javid attended Downend School, a state comprehensive near Bristol. At school it was recommended that he should be a TV repairman.

Javid has said he was told that he couldn’t study maths at O Level so he had to get his father to pay for it.

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When he later witnessed a video showing an assault on a Syrian refugee, he remarked that it was reminiscent of bullying he had experienced at school; Javid claims he faced racial abuse when younger, being called a ‘Paki’, and having faced abuse from “National Front skinheads”.

Speaking in 2014, Javid said that while at school: “I was naughty, more interested in watching Grange Hill than homework”.

After being told by his school that he could only study two A Levels when he believed he needed three to go to university, Javid subsequently attended Filton Technical College from 1986 to 1988, and finally the University of Exeter from 1988 to 1991.

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Javid is a trustee of the London Early Years Foundation, was a governor of Normand Croft Community School, and has led an expedition to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa, to show his support of Help the Aged.

Career

At university, he studied Economics and Politics and during this time he joined the Conservative Party.

In 1990, aged 20, Javid attended the annual Conservative Party Conference for the first time and campaigned against the Thatcher government’s decision that year to join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM).

He was handing out leaflets against the policy when he first met TV presenter Jeremy Paxman. He has since stated that Paxman first interviewed him at that same conference.

From 1992 until 1996, he lived in New York City and rose to become the youngest Vice-President of Chase Manhattan Bank and during this period, he had a spell as an aide to Republican nominee Rudy Giuliani’s winning 1993 New York mayoral campaign.

He worked as an adviser to Conservative MP Gary Streeter, then Shadow Secretary of State for International Development.

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Javid had an 18-year City career where he rose to become a Board member of Deutsche Bank International.

Javid joined Chase Manhattan Bank in New York City immediately after graduation, working mostly in South America. Aged 25, he became a vice president.

He returned to London in 1997, and later joined Deutsche Bank as a director in 2000. In 2004, he became a managing director at Deutsche Bank and, the following year, global head of Emerging Markets Structuring.

In 2007, he relocated to Singapore as head of Deutsche Bank’s credit trading, equity convertibles, commodities and private equity businesses in Asia, and was appointed a board member of Deutsche Bank International Limited.

He left Deutsche Bank in 2009 to pursue a career in politics. His earnings at Deutsche Bank would have been roughly £3,000,000 a year at the time he left, and the Evening Standard once estimated his career change would have required him to take a 98% pay cut.

Summary

Born in Rochdale, Lancashire to a British Pakistani family, Javid was raised largely in Bristol. He studied Economics and Politics at the University of Exeter, where he joined the Conservative Party.

Working in banking, he rose to become a Managing Director at Deutsche Bank. Switching to politics, he was elected to Parliament in 2010.

Under the government of Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron he served as a Junior Treasury Minister before being promoted to Cameron’s Cabinet as Culture Secretary and Business Secretary.

He went on to serve under Prime Minister Theresa May as Communities Secretary and Home Secretary.

After May’s resignation, Javid stood for Leader of the Conservative Party in the 2019 leadership contest, finishing in fourth place.

The successful candidate, Boris Johnson, subsequently appointed Javid Chancellor of the Exchequer. He resigned as Chancellor during a cabinet reshuffle in 2020.