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Actors

Scarlett Johansson

Scarlett Ingrid Johansson is an American actress and singer. Universally known as one of the sexiest women in Hollywood, Scarlett Johansson has actually been acting professionally since the age of eight.

The world’s highest-paid actress since 2018, she has made multiple appearances in the Forbes Celebrity 100. Her films have grossed over $14.3 billion worldwide, making Johansson the third-highest-grossing box office star of all time.

  • Born: 22 November 1984, New York City, New York, U.S.
  • Birth Name: Scarlett Ingrid Johansson
  • Height: 5’ 3” (1.6 m)
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Actors

Richard Burton

Richard Burton, CBE was a Welsh actor. Noted for his mellifluous baritone voice, Burton established himself as a formidable Shakespearean actor in the 1950s, and he gave a memorable performance of Hamlet in 1964.

He was called “the natural successor to Olivier” by critic and dramaturge Kenneth Tynan.

  • Born: 10 November 1925, Pontrhydyfen, UK
  • Died: 5 August 1984, Geveva, Switzerland
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History & Religion

Mary Magdalene

Mary Magdalene, sometimes called simply the Magdalene or the Madeleine, was a Jewish woman who, according to the four canonical gospels, travelled with Jesus as one of his followers and was a witness to his crucifixion, burial, and resurrection.

  • Born: 22 AD, Magdala, Palestine
  • Died: —
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Actors

Tom Holland

Thomas Stanley Holland is an English actor. He first gained recognition for his starring role in the disaster film The Impossible. 

But, gained global fame when he made his Marvel Cinematic Universe debut as Peter Parker/Spider-Man in 2016’s “Captain America: Civil War,” and he’s come a long way since then.

  • Born: 1 June 1996, Kingston upon Thames, England, United Kingdom
  • Birth Name: Thomas Stanley Holland
  • Height: 5’ 8” (1.73 m)
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Actors

Julie Andrews

Julie Andrews British actress, dancer and singer. She is best known for her iconic roles in Mary Poppins (1965) and The Sound of Music (1966). In addition to these two films, she has enjoyed a rich and varied career as entertainer and singer.

  • Born: 1 October 1948, Walton-on-Thames
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Actors Director & Producer

Richard Attenborough

Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, CBE, FRSA was an English actor, filmmaker, entrepreneur, and politician. One of England’s most respected actors and directors.

He was the President of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.

Sir Richard Attenborough made numerous contributions to world cinema both in front of and behind the camera.

  • Born: 29 August 1923, Cambridge, England
  • Died: 24 August 2014 (aged 90), London, England
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History & Religion

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright and actor of the Renaissance era. Shakespeare is widely considered to be the greatest writer in the English language. He wrote 38 plays and 154 sonnets.

He was an important member of the King’s Men company of theatrical players from roughly 1594 onward. 

Known throughout the world, Shakespeare’s writings capture the range of human emotion and conflict and have been celebrated for more than 400 years.

  • Born: 23 April 1564, Stratford-upon-Avon, United Kingdom
  • Died: 23 April 1616, Stratford-upon-Avon, United Kingdom
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Politician & Activist

Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill, in full Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill. He was a British politician, army officer, orator, author, and serve as prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, when he led Britain to victory in the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955.

Winston Churchill known for his stubborn resistance to Hitler during the darkest hours of the Second World War and for his bravery to defeat Nazi Germany in World War II.

  • Born: 30 November 1874, Blenheim Palace, England
  • Died: 24 January 1965 (aged 90), London, England
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Politician & Activist

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi, although his real name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was an Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India.

His nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India’s independence from British Rule, and in turn inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Mahatma Gandhi’s life and teachings inspired activists around the world including Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela.

  • Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar, India
  • Died: 30 January 1948, New Delhi, India
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Politician & Activist

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African political activist who spent over 20 years in prison for his opposition to the apartheid regime; he was released in 1990.

In 1994, Mandela was later elected the first leader of a democratic South Africa. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (jointly with F.W. de Klerk) in 1993 for his work in helping to end racial segregation in South Africa.

He is considered the father of a democratic South Africa and widely admired for his ability to bring together a nation, previously divided by apartheid. Nelson Mandela is one of the most admired political leaders of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Century for his vision to forgive and forge a new ‘rainbow’ nation.

  • Born: 18 July 1918, Mvezo, South Africa
  • Died: 5 December 2013, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Presidential term: 10 May 1994 – 16 June 1999
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Politician & Activist

Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King Jr was one of America’s most influential civil rights activists. His passionate, but non-violent protests, helped to raise awareness of racial inequalities in America, leading to significant political change.

Martin Luther King was also an eloquent orator who captured the imagination and hearts of people, both black and white.

  • Born: 15 January 1929, Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • Died: 4 April 1968, St. Joseph’s Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
  • Famous Speech: I Have a Dream
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Politician & Activist

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, philosopher, and American Founding Father.

He was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, and served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.

Thomas Jefferson was the primary draftsman of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, the nation’s first secretary of state and the second vice president (under John Adams).

As the third president of the United States, Jefferson stabilized the U.S. economy and defeated pirates from North Africa during the Barbary War. He was responsible for doubling the size of the United States by successfully brokering the Louisiana Purchase. He also founded the University of Virginia.

  • Full name: Thomas Jefferson
  • Born: 13 April 1743, Shadwell, Virginia, United States
  • Died: 4 July 1826, Monticello, Virginia, United States
  • Presidential term: 4 March 1801 – 4 March 1809
  • Spouse: Martha Jefferson (m. 1772–1782)
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History & Religion

Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama

The Buddha, was a mendicant, meditator, and spiritual teacher who lived in northeast India. The world religion of Buddhism was founded by the efforts of him and his followers. He taught for around forty years and built a large following, both monastic and lay. His birth name was Siddhartha Gautama.

  • Born: around 480 BCE, in Lumbini, Nepal
  • Died: 400 BCE(aged 80) Kushinagar, India
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History & Religion

Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30) was a spiritual Teacher, who preached a gospel of faith, love and forgiveness. His life and teachings led to the emergence of a new religion – Christianity, which became the dominant religious force in the western world. The Christian religion reveres Jesus Christ as the Son of God. Jesus is also an important prophet in Islam, and his teachings are widely admired by other religious traditions.

  • Born circa 6 BC, Bethlehem, Palestine
  • Died 30 AD, Jerusalem, Palestine
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History & Religion

Prophet Muhammad

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was a merchant born in the city of Mecca. Later become an important religious figure as well as a social, political and military leader in Arabia, and above all, he was the founder of Islam.

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History & Religion

Cleopatra

Cleopatra was an Egyptian Queen and the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Her full name was Cleopatra VII Philopator.

Cleopatra was a member of the Greek-speaking, Ptolemaic dynasty, whom ruled Egypt from 300BC to 30 BC.

Born: 69 BC, Alexandria, Egypt.

Died: August 30 BC, Alexandria, Egypt.

Cleopatra’s Throne

Cleopatra was born around 69 BC. Her father Ptolemy XII died (in 51 BC) when she was 18, leaving Cleopatra and her brother Ptolemy XIII as co-regents. As was the custom of the time, Cleopatra married her brother, and together they ruled Egypt. However, Ptolemy soon had Cleopatra exiled, leaving him in sole charge

Deposed from power by her brother, Cleopatra aligned herself with Julius Caesar to regain the throne. After Caesar’s murder, she became the lover to Mark Anthony.

But, after Mark Anthony had been defeated by the forces of Octavian in the Roman Civil War, Anthony and Cleopatra committed suicide, rather than fall into the hands of Octavius.

Her death marked the end of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt – and Egypt became absorbed into the Roman Empire.

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History & Religion

Sappho

Sappho is known for her lyric poetry, written to be sung while accompanied by a lyre.

Sappho was an ancient Greek female poet famous for its intense passion and description of love. Being born on the Isle of Lesbos she is also referred to as the first Lesbian poet.Lived about 60 years during c. 630 – c. 570 BC

Lived about 60 years during c. 630 – c. 570 BC

Sappho’s Early life

Little is known of Sappho’s life. She was from a wealthy family from Lesbos, though her parents’ names are uncertain. Ancient sources say that she had three brothers; the names of two of them, Charaxos and Larichos, are mentioned in the Brothers Poem discovered in 2014. She was exiled to Sicily around 600 BC, and may have continued to work until around 570. Later legends surrounding Sappho’s love for the ferryman Phaon and her death are unreliable.

Profession, Work & Activities

Most of Sappho’s poetry is now lost, and what is extant has survived only in fragmentary form, except for one complete poem: the “Ode to Aphrodite”. As well as lyric poetry, ancient commentators claimed that Sappho wrote elegiac and iambic poetry.

Three epigrams attributed to Sappho are extant, but these are actually Hellenistic imitations of Sappho’s style.

Sappho was a prolific poet, probably composing around 10,000 lines. Her poetry was well-known and greatly admired through much of antiquity, and she was among the canon of nine lyric poets most highly esteemed by scholars of Hellenistic Alexandria. Sappho’s poetry is still considered extraordinary and her works continue to influence other writers. Beyond her poetry, she is well known as a symbol of love and desire between women, with the English words sapphic and lesbian being derived from her own name and the name of her home island respectively.

In ancient times, Sappho was widely regarded as one of the greatest lyric poets and was given names such as the “Tenth Muse” and “The Poetess”.

Sappho’s poetry

“Come back to me, Gongyla, here tonight,
You, my rose, with your Lydian lyre.
There hovers forever around you delight:
A beauty desired.”

  • from Please by Paul Roche

“Some an army of horsemen, some an army on foot
and some say a fleet of ships is the loveliest sight
on this dark earth; but I say it is what-
ever you desire:
and it it possible to make this perfectly clear
to all; for the woman who far surpassed all others
in her beauty, Helen, left her husband —
the best of all men —
behind and sailed far away to Troy; she did not spare
a single thought for her child nor for her dear parents
but [the goddess of love] led her astray
[to desire…]
[…which]
reminds me now of Anactoria
although far away, 

–Translated by Josephine Balmer

Her poems were written in Aeolic Greek dialect; as this dialect was quite rare, it explains why her poems became increasingly lost as fewer people were able to translate them.

The difficulties of the Aeolic Greek metre, also means there is considerable variance in English translations.

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Singer & Songwriter

Lorde

Lorde is a New Zealand singer and songwriter.

Her real names is Ella Marija Lani Yelich-O’Connor but because of her inspiration for aristocracy she chose her stage name as Lorde.

She is best known for employing unconventional musical styles, a mix of POP/R&B and thoughtful songwriting.

  • Full name: Ella Marija Lani Yelich-O’Connor
  • Born: 7 November 1996, Takapuna, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Profession: New Zealand singer & songwriter
  • Height: 1.65 m
  • Genres: Electropop, Dream pop, Indie pop, Art Pop
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Politician & Activist

Abraham Lincoln

One of the greatest presidents of American history.  A self-educated, who become lawyer, serves as legislator and was elected 16th president of United States.

Lincoln is known for his leadership during the American Civil War (1861 – 1865) and for signing the Emancipation Proclamation, an executive order changing the legal status of slaves to ‘free’.

  • Born: 12th February 1809, Sinking Spring Farm, Kentucky, U.S.
  • Died: 15th April 1865 (aged 65), Washington, D.C., U.S.
  • Presidential term: 4 March 1861 – 14 April 1865
  • Children: Robert Todd Lincoln, William Wallace Lincoln, Edward Baker Lincoln, Tad Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln Quotes

Folks are usually about as happy as they make their minds up to be.

Abraham Lincoln

When I do good, I feel good. When I do bad, I feel bad. That’s my religion.

Abraham Lincoln

Whatever you are, be a good one.

Abraham Lincoln

Do I not destroy my enemies when I make them my friends?

Abraham Lincoln

And in the end it is not the years in your life that count, it’s the life in your years.

Abraham Lincoln

That some achieve great success, is proof to all that others can achieve it as well.

Abraham Lincoln

I’m a success today because I had a friend who believed in me and I didn’t have the heart to let him down.

Abraham Lincoln

Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man’s character, give him power.

Abraham Lincoln

It often requires more courage to dare to do right than to fear to do wrong.

Abraham Lincoln

Things may come to those who wait, but only the things left by those who hustle.

Abraham Lincoln

Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any one thing.

Abraham Lincoln

We can complain because rose bushes have thorns, or rejoice because thorn bushes have roses.

Abraham Lincoln

Those who look for the bad in people will surely find it.

Abraham Lincoln

I will prepare and some day my chance will come.

Abraham Lincoln

I am not bound to win, but I am bound to be true. I am not bound to succeed, but I am bound to live up to what light I have.

Abraham Lincoln

Every person’s happiness is their own responsibility.

Abraham Lincoln

The best way to predict your future is to create it.

Abraham Lincoln

You cannot escape the responsibility of tomorrow by evading it today.

Abraham Lincoln

I am a slow walker, but I never walk back.

Abraham Lincoln

When you reach the end of your rope, tie a knot and hang on.

Abraham Lincoln

You can tell the greatness of someone by what makes them angry

Abraham Lincoln

All I have learned, I learned from books.

Abraham Lincoln

Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.

Abraham Lincoln

The best thing about the future is that it comes one day at a time.

Abraham Lincoln

The better part of one’s life consists of his friendships.

Abraham Lincoln

Character is like a tree and reputation its shadow. The shadow is what we think it is and the tree is the real thing.

Abraham Lincoln

I do not think much of a man who is not wiser today than he was yesterday.

Abraham Lincoln

I am not concerned that you have fallen — I am concerned that you arise.

Abraham Lincoln

I don’t know who my grandfather was; I am much more concerned to know what his grandson will be.

Abraham Lincoln

My great concern is not whether you have failed, but whether you are content with your failure.

Abraham Lincoln

You can have anything you want if you want it badly enough. You can be anything you want to be, do anything you set out to accomplish if you hold to that desire with singleness of purpose.

Abraham Lincoln

Life is hard but so very beautiful.

Abraham Lincoln
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Physicist, Scientist & Engineer

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein was a theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).

He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect”, a pivotal step in the development of quantum theory.

Albert Einstein famous formula, mass-energy equivalence:

E = mc^2

  • Born: 14 March 1879, Ulm, Germany
  • Died: 18 April 1955, Penn Medicine Princeton Medical Center, New Jersey, United States
  • Education: University of Zurich (1905), ETH Zürich (1896–1900)
  • Children: Eduard Einstein, Hans Albert Einstein, Lieserl Einstein