Nancy Pelosi is an American politician serving as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives since 2019, and previously from 2007 to 2011.
She is the only woman in U.S. history to hold this position and is the highest-ranking female elected official in United States history.
As House Speaker, Pelosi is second in the presidential line of succession, immediately after the vice president.
- Full name: Nancy Patricia Pelosi
- Profession: American politician
- Born: 26 March 1940 (age 80 years), Baltimore, Maryland, United States
- Democratic party
- Office: Representative (CA 12th District) since 2013
- Previous offices: Representative, CA 8th District (1993–2013), Representative, CA 5th District (1987–1993)
- Education: Trinity Washington University (1962), Institute of Notre Dame
- Spouse: Paul Pelosi (m. 1963)
- Children: Christine Pelosi, Alexandra Pelosi, Paul Pelosi, Jr., Nancy Corinne Pelosi, Jacqueline Pelosi
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About Nancy Pelosi
Pelosi was born on 26 March 1940 in Baltimore, United States. To an Italian-American family, she was the only girl and the youngest of seven children of Annunciata M. “Nancy” D’Alesandro (née Lombardi) and Thomas D’Alesandro Jr., who both had Italian roots.
Her mother was born in Campobasso, in South Italy, and her father could trace his Italian ancestry to Genoa, Venice and Abruzzo.
When Nancy was born, her father was a Democratic Congressman from Maryland (and he became Mayor of Baltimore seven years later).
Pelosi’s mother was also active in politics, organizing Democratic women and teaching her daughter the value of social networking.
Pelosi’s brother, Thomas D’Alesandro III, also a Democrat, was Mayor of Baltimore from 1967 to 1971.
Pelosi was involved with politics from an early age. She helped her father at his campaign events. She attended John F. Kennedy’s inaugural address when he was sworn in as U.S. president in January 1961.
In 1958, Pelosi graduated from the Institute of Notre Dame, an all-girls Catholic high school in Baltimore.
In 1962, she graduated from Trinity College in Washington, D.C. with a Bachelor of Arts in political science.
Pelosi interned for Senator Daniel Brewster (D-Maryland) in the 1960s alongside future House majority leader Steny Hoyer.
After moving to San Francisco, Pelosi became friends with 5th District congressman Phillip Burton, and began working her way up in Democratic politics.
In 1976, she was elected as a Democratic National Committee member from California, a position she would hold until 1996.
She was elected as party chair for Northern California in January 1977, and four years later was selected to head the California Democratic Party, which she led until 1983.
Subsequently, Pelosi served as the San Francisco Democratic National Convention Host Committee chairwoman in 1984, and then as Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee finance chair from 1985 to 1986.
Pelosi was first elected to Congress in 1987. She started her 17th term in 2019. She represents California’s 12th congressional district, which consists of four-fifths of the city and county of San Francisco.
She initially represented the 5th district (1987–1993), and then, when district boundaries were redrawn after the 1990 Census, the 8th district (1993–2013).
She is a member of the Democratic Party. Pelosi has led House Democrats since 2003—being the first woman to lead a party in Congress—serving twice each as House minority leader (2003–2007 and 2011–2019, when Republicans held the majority), and as Speaker (2007–2011 and 2019–present, during periods of Democratic majority).
Pelosi was a major opponent of the Iraq War as well as the Bush administration’s 2005 attempt to partially privatize Social Security.
During her first speakership, she was instrumental in the passage of many landmark bills, including the Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Repeal Act, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, and the 2010 Tax Relief Act.
Pelosi lost the speakership in January 2011 after the Democratic Party lost control of the House of Representatives in the 2010 elections.
However, she retained her role as leader of the House Democratic Caucus and returned to the role of House minority leader.
In the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats won back control of the House. Afterward, when the 116th Congress convened on January 3, 2019, Pelosi was again elected speaker, becoming the first former speaker to return to the post since Sam Rayburn in 1955.
Pelosi announced the commencement of impeachment hearings into President Donald Trump on September 24, 2019.