Mitt Romney is an American politician and businessman who has served as the junior United States senator from Utah since January 2019.
He previously served as the 70th Governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007 and was the Republican Party’s nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 election.
- Full name: Willard Mitt Romney
- Profession: American politician and Businessman // United States Senator
- Born: 12 March 1947 (age 73 years), Detroit, Michigan, United States
- Office: Senator (R-UT) since 2019
- Party: Republican Party
- Spouse: Ann Romney (m. 1969)
- Children: Tagg Romney, Matt Romney, Josh Romney, Craig Romney, Ben Romney
- Education: Harvard Law School (1975)
- Nieces: Ronna McDaniel, Christina Romney, Madison Romney
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About Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney was born on 12 March 1947 in Detroit, Michigan in United States. He was one of four children born to automobile executive George W. Romney (1907–1995) and homemaker Lenore Romney (née LaFount; 1908–1998).
His mother was a native of Logan, Utah, and his father was born to American parents in a Mormon colony in Chihuahua, Mexico.
Of primarily English descent, he also has Scottish and German ancestry. A fifth-generation member of the LDS Church, he is a great-grandson of Miles Park Romney and a great-great-grandson of Miles Romney, who converted to the faith in its first decade.
Another great-great-grandfather, Parley P. Pratt, helped lead the early church.
Romney has three older siblings, Margo, Jane, and Scott. Mitt was the youngest by nearly six years.
His parents named him after a family friend, businessman J. Willard Marriott, and his father’s cousin, Milton “Mitt” Romney, a former quarterback for the Chicago Bears.
Romney was referred to as “Billy” until kindergarten, when he expressed a preference for “Mitt”.
In 1953, the family moved from Detroit to the affluent suburb of Bloomfield Hills and his father became the chairman and CEO of American Motors the following year and helped the company avoid bankruptcy and return to profitability.
By 1959, his father had become a nationally known figure in print and on television, and Mitt idolized him.
Romney attended public elementary schools until the seventh grade, when he enrolled as one of only a few Mormon students at Cranbrook School, a private upscale boys’ preparatory school a few miles from his home.
Many students there came from backgrounds even more privileged than his. Not particularly athletic, he also did not distinguish himself academically.
He did participate in his father’s successful 1962 Michigan gubernatorial campaign, and later worked as an intern in the Governor’s office.
Romney took up residence at Cranbrook when his newly elected father began spending most of his time at the state capitol.
At Cranbrook, Romney helped manage the ice hockey team, and he joined the pep squad.
During his senior year, he joined the cross country running team. He belonged to eleven school organizations and school clubs overall, including the Blue Key Club, a booster group that he had started.
During his final year there, his academic record improved but fell short of excellence. Romney was involved in several pranks while attending Cranbrook.
He has since apologized for them, stating that some of the pranks may have gone too far.
In March of his senior year, he began dating Ann Davies; she attended the private Kingswood School, the sister school to Cranbrook.
The two became informally engaged around the time of his June 1965 high school graduation.
Romney earned a Bachelor of Arts in English from Brigham Young University (BYU) in 1971 and a joint JD–MBA from Harvard University in 1975.
Romney became a management consultant and in 1977 joined Bain & Company in Boston.
As Bain’s chief executive officer (CEO), he later helped lead the company out of a financial crisis.
In 1984, he co-founded and led the spin-off company Bain Capital, a highly profitable private equity investment firm that became one of the largest of its kind in the nation.
Active in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) throughout his adult life, Romney served as bishop of his ward and later as a stake president near Boston.
After stepping down from Bain Capital and his local leadership role in the LDS Church, Romney ran as the Republican candidate in the 1994 United States Senate election in Massachusetts.
After losing to longtime incumbent Ted Kennedy, he resumed his position at Bain Capital. Years later, a successful stint as President and CEO of the then-struggling Salt Lake Organizing Committee for the 2002 Winter Olympics led to a re-launch of his political career.
Elected Governor of Massachusetts in 2002, Romney helped develop and later signed a health care reform law that provided near-universal health insurance access through state-level subsidies and individual mandates to purchase insurance.
He also presided over the elimination of a projected $1.2–1.5 billion deficit through a combination of spending cuts, increased fees and closing corporate tax loopholes.
He did not seek re-election in 2006, instead focusing on his campaign for the Republican nomination in the 2008 U.S. presidential election.
Though he won several primaries and caucuses, Senator John McCain was chosen as the Republican Party’s nominee.
Romney’s considerable net worth, estimated in 2012 at $190–250 million, helped finance his political campaigns prior to 2012.
Romney won the 2012 Republican presidential nomination, becoming the first LDS Church member to be a presidential nominee of a major party.
He was defeated by incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama in the 2012 presidential election, losing the Electoral College by a margin of 206–332 and the popular vote by a margin of 47%–51%.
After re-establishing residency in Utah, Romney announced his campaign for the U.S. Senate seat held by the retiring Orrin Hatch in the 2018 election; he defeated state representative Mike Kennedy in the Republican primary and Democrat Jenny Wilson in the general election.
In doing so, he became only the third individual ever to be elected governor of one state and U.S. senator for another state (the others being Sam Houston and William Bibb).
Romney was sworn in on January 3, 2019. In the impeachment trial of Donald Trump, he voted to convict the president of abuse of power (over Trump’s attempts to get the Ukrainian President to announce an investigation into his political rival Joe Biden), becoming the first (and so far only) senator in U.S. history to vote to convict a president of their own party.