Hillary Clinton is an American politician, diplomat, lawyer, writer, and public speaker. She is also a law professor, activist and volunteer.
She served as First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, as a United States senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, and as the 67th United States secretary of state from 2009 until 2013.
- Full name: Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton
- Profession: American politician, diplomat, lawyer
- Born: 26 October 1947 (age 72 years), Edgewater Hospital, Chicago
- Party: Democratic Party
- Spouse: Bill Clinton (m. 1975)
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About Hillary Clinton
Hillary was born on 26 October 1947 in Edgewater Hospital, Chicago, United States. Hillary grew up in a middle-class home in Park Ridge, a suburb of Chicago.
Her dad, Hugh, was a World War II Navy veteran and a small-business owner who designed, printed, and sold drapes. Hugh was a rock-ribbed Republican, a pay-as-you-go kind of guy who worked hard and wasted nothing. Hillary helped with the family business whenever she could.
Hillary’s mother, Dorothy, had a tough childhood. She was abandoned by her parents as a young child and shipped off to live with relatives who didn’t want to raise her. By age 14, Dorothy knew the only way she’d get by was to support herself, and she started working as a housekeeper and babysitter while she went to high school.
Hillary graduated from Wellesley College in 1969 and earned a Juris Doctor from Yale Law School in 1973.
After serving as a congressional legal counsel, she moved to Arkansas and married future president Bill Clinton in 1975; the two had met at Yale.
In 1977, she co-founded Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families.
She was appointed the first female chair of the Legal Services Corporation in 1978 and became the first female partner at Little Rock’s Rose Law Firm the following year.
Clinton was the first lady of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and again from 1983 to 1992.
As First Lady of the United States, Clinton advocated for healthcare reform. In 1994, her major initiative—the Clinton health care plan—failed to gain approval from Congress.
In 1997 and 1999, Clinton played a leading role in advocating the creation of the State Children’s Health Insurance Program, the Adoption and Safe Families Act and the Foster Care Independence Act.
Her marital relationship came under public scrutiny during the Lewinsky scandal, which led her to issue a statement that reaffirmed her commitment to the marriage.
In 2000, Clinton was elected as the first female senator from New York. She was re-elected in 2006.
During her Senate tenure, Clinton advocated for medical benefits for first responders whose health was damaged in the September 11 attacks.
In 2008, Clinton ran for president but was defeated by eventual winner Barack Obama in the Democratic primaries.
Clinton was U.S. secretary of state in the Obama Administration from 2009 to 2013.
During her tenure, Clinton responded to the Arab Spring by advocating military intervention in Libya.
She was harshly criticized by Republicans for the failure to prevent or adequately respond to the 2012 Benghazi attack.
Clinton helped to organize a diplomatic isolation and a regime of international sanctions against Iran in an effort to force it to curtail its nuclear program; this effort eventually led to the multinational Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action agreement in 2015.
Her use of a private e-mail server during her time as Secretary of State was the subject of intense scrutiny; while no charges were filed against Clinton, the e-mail controversy was the single most covered topic during the 2016 presidential election.
Upon leaving her Cabinet position after Obama’s first term, she wrote her fifth book and undertook speaking engagements.
Clinton made a second presidential run in 2016. After winning the Democratic nomination, she ran in the general election with Virginia Senator Tim Kaine as her running mate.
Clinton lost the presidential election to Republican opponent Donald Trump in the Electoral College despite winning a plurality of the popular vote.
Following her loss, she wrote her third memoir, What Happened, and launched Onward Together, a political action organisation dedicated to fundraising for progressive political groups.