Cleopatra was an Egyptian Queen and the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Her full name was Cleopatra VII Philopator.
Cleopatra was a member of the Greek-speaking, Ptolemaic dynasty, whom ruled Egypt from 300BC to 30 BC.
– Born: 69 BC, Alexandria, Egypt.
– Died: August 30 BC, Alexandria, Egypt.
Cleopatra was born around 69 BC. Her father Ptolemy XII died (in 51 BC) when she was 18, leaving Cleopatra and her brother Ptolemy XIII as co-regents. As was the custom of the time, Cleopatra married her brother, and together they ruled Egypt. However, Ptolemy soon had Cleopatra exiled, leaving him in sole charge
Deposed from power by her brother, Cleopatra aligned herself with Julius Caesar to regain the throne. After Caesar’s murder, she became the lover to Mark Anthony.
But, after Mark Anthony had been defeated by the forces of Octavian in the Roman Civil War, Anthony and Cleopatra committed suicide, rather than fall into the hands of Octavius.
Her death marked the end of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt – and Egypt became absorbed into the Roman Empire.