Caroline Lucas is a British Green Party politician who has twice led the party and has been the Member of Parliament for Brighton Pavilion since the 2010 general election.
She was re-elected in the 2015, 2017 and 2019 general elections, increasing her majority each time.
- Full name: Caroline Patricia Lucas
- Profession: British politician
- Born: 9 December 1960 (age 59 years), Malvern
- Party: Green party
- Office: Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom since 2010
- Education: University of Exeter (1989),
- Spouse: Richard Savage (m. 1991)
- Children: Theo Savage, Isaac Savage
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About Caroline Lucas
Lucas was born on 9 December 1960 in Malvern in Worcestershire, England. To middle-class, Conservative parents Peter and Valerie Lucas.
She is one of three children; her father ran a small central heating company, and sold solar panelling. Her mother stayed at home to bring up their children.
Lucas was educated at Malvern Girls’ College (which became Malvern St James in 2006), a boarding independent school in Great Malvern.
She then went to the University of Exeter, where she gained a first-class BA (Hons) in English Literature, graduating in 1983.
While at university, Lucas went on many trips to Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp and Molesworth peace camp when involved with the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).
Lucas was an activist in CND and was involved in the Snowball Campaign against US military bases in the UK which involved the cutting of fences with the expectation of being arrested.
Lucas won a scholarship to attend the University of Kansas between 1983 and 1984, gaining a Diploma of Journalism, before studying for a PhD degree in English from the University of Exeter, awarded in 1990, with a thesis entitled Writing for Women: a study of woman as reader in Elizabethan romance.
While completing her doctorate, Lucas worked as a press officer for Oxfam from 1989. Later, she worked for the charity in other roles, becoming active in the Green Party, and left Oxfam in 1999.
Lucas graduated from the University of Exeter and the University of Kansas before receiving a PhD from the University of Exeter in 1989.
She joined the Green Party in 1986 and held various party roles, also serving on Oxfordshire County Council from 1993 to 1997.
She was elected as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for South East England in 1999 and re-elected in 2004 and 2009, also serving as the party’s Female Principal Speaker from 2003 to 2006 and from 2007 to 2008.
Lucas was elected the first leader of the Green Party in 2008 and was elected to represent the constituency of Brighton Pavilion in the 2010 general election, becoming the party’s first MP.
She stood down as party leader in 2012 to devote more time to her parliamentary duties and focus on an ultimately successful campaign to be re-elected as an MP.
She returned as party leader from September 2016 to September 2018, sharing the post with Jonathan Bartley.
She is known as a campaigner and writer on green economics, localisation, alternatives to globalisation, trade justice, animal welfare and food.
In her time as a politician and activist, she has worked with non-governmental organisations and think tanks, including the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and Oxfam.