Amber Rudd is a British politician who served as Home Secretary from 2016 to 2018 and Secretary of State for Work and Pensions from 2018 to 2019.
She was first elected Member of Parliament for Hastings and Rye in 2010, representing the Conservative Party, and stood down from parliament in 2019.
She identifies herself as a one-nation conservative, and has been associated with both socially liberal and socially conservative policies, having pursued a number of tough policies regarding immigration.
- Full name: Amber Augusta Rudd
- Born: 1 August 1963, London, United Kingdom
- Height: 1.78 m
- Spouse: A. A. Gill (m. 1990–1995)
- Previous offices: Minister for Women and Equalities of the United Kingdom (2019–2019), MORE
- Children: Flora Gill, Alasdair Gill
- Education: The University of Edinburgh, School of History, Classics and Archaeology
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About Amber Rudd
Rudd was born on 1 August 1963 in Marylebone, London, UK. She is the fourth child of stockbroker Tony Rudd (1924–2017) and magistrate Ethne Fitzgerald (1929–2008), daughter of Maurice Fitzgerald QC (grandson of the judge and Liberal politician John FitzGerald, Baron FitzGerald of Kilmarnock) and Christine (daughter of Augustus Bradhurst).
Tony Rudd and Ethne Fitzgerald were married for 56 years. Through her mother, Rudd is a direct descendant of King Charles II and his mistress Barbara Palmer, and a tenth cousin once removed of the Queen. Her elder brother Roland is a public relations executive, and was a prominent Labour supporter.
She was educated at New Hall School, Cheltenham Ladies’ College, an independent school in Gloucestershire, and from 1979 to 1981 at Queen’s College, London, an independent day school for girls in London, followed by Edinburgh University where she read History.
After graduating from university, she joined J.P. Morgan & Co., working in both London and New York.
Rudd became a director of the investment company Lawnstone Limited at the age of 24 in January 1988, taking over from her sister and brother-in-law. Lawnstone became involved with Zinc Corporation, which was taken over by Monticello in 1999, before going into liquidation in 2001.
Rudd was a co-director of Monticello between 1999 and 2000, but the company was liquidated in 2003. Craig Murray has reported that Monticello “attracted many hundreds of investors… despite never appearing actually to do anything except pay its directors.
Trawling through its documents at Companies House, I find it difficult to conclude that it was ever anything other than a share ramping scheme. After just over a year of existence it went bankrupt with over £1.2 million of debts and no important assets.
Between 1998 and 2000, she was also a director of two companies based in the Bahamas, Advanced Asset Allocation Fund and Advanced Asset Allocation Management.
Rudd helped to find extras for the film Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994), for which she was credited as the “aristocracy co-ordinator”, and appeared briefly in one of the church scenes in the film.
Rudd worked as an investment banker before being elected to the House of Commons for Hastings and Rye in East Sussex in 2010, defeating incumbent Labour MP Michael Foster.
Rudd served in the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change from 2015 to 2016 in the Cameron Government, where she worked on renewable energy resources and climate change mitigation. She previously served as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Energy and Climate Change from 2014 to 2015.
She was appointed Home Secretary in the May government on 13 July 2016, and given the additional role of Minister for Women and Equalities in January 2018.
Rudd was the third female Home Secretary, the fifth woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State and the fastest-rising politician to a Great Office of State since the Second World War. She resigned as Home Secretary in April 2018 in connection with the Windrush deportation scandal.
On 16 November 2018, Rudd was appointed Work and Pensions Secretary by Prime Minister Theresa May, succeeding Esther McVey.
She was re-appointed by Boris Johnson on 24 July 2019 and succeeded Penny Mordaunt in her previous portfolio as Minister for Women and Equalities.
On 7 September Rudd resigned from his cabinet and resigned the Conservative whip in Parliament, to protest Johnson’s policy on Brexit and his decision to expel 21 Tory MPs.
She announced on 30 October that she would be standing down as an MP at the next general election.