One of the greatest presidents of American history. A self-educated, who become lawyer, serves as legislator and was elected 16th president of United States.
Lincoln is known for his leadership during the American Civil War (1861 – 1865) and for signing the Emancipation Proclamation, an executive order changing the legal status of slaves to ‘free’.
- Born: 12th February 1809, Sinking Spring Farm, Kentucky, U.S.
- Died: 15th April 1865 (aged 65), Washington, D.C., U.S.
- Presidential term: 4 March 1861 – 14 April 1865
- Children: Robert Todd Lincoln, William Wallace Lincoln, Edward Baker Lincoln, Tad Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln Quotes
About Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was born on 12 February 1809 in a log cabin in LaRue County, Kentucky, United States.
When he was about 6 years old his family moved to southern Indiana (1816). During his teenage life had a brief schooling, as he started to work early age to support his family.
Lincoln late early 20s his family moved to Macon County in southern Illinois (1830), where Lincoln started working on a river flatboat freight down the Mississippi River to New Orleans.
He was self-educated and became a lawyer, Whig Party leader, Illinois state legislator, and U.S. Congressman from Illinois.
In 1849 he returned to his law practice but became vexed by the opening of additional lands to slavery as a result of the Kansas–Nebraska Act.
He returned to politics in 1854, becoming a leader in the new Republican Party, and he reached a national audience in the 1858 debates against Stephen Douglas.
Lincoln ran for President in 1860, sweeping the North in victory.
Pro-slavery elements in the South equated his success with the North’s rejection of their right to practice slavery, and southern states began seceding from the union.
To secure its independence, the new Confederate States of America fired on Fort Sumter, a U.S. fort in the South, and Lincoln called up forces to suppress the rebellion and restore the Union.
As the leader of moderate Republicans, Lincoln had to navigate a contentious array of factions with friends and opponents on both sides.
War Democrats rallied a large faction of former opponents into his moderate camp, but they were countered by Radical Republicans, who demanded harsh treatment of the Southern traitors.
Anti-war Democrats (called “Copperheads”) despised him. There were irreconcilable pro-Confederate elements who plotted his assassination.
Lincoln managed the factions by pitting them against each other, by carefully distributing political patronage, and by appealing to the American people.
His Gettysburg Address became a historic clarion call for nationalism, republicanism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy.
Lincoln scrutinized the strategy and tactics in the war effort, including the selection of generals and the naval blockade of the South’s trade.
He suspended habeas corpus, and he averted British intervention by defusing the Trent Affair. He engineered the end to slavery with his Emancipation Proclamation and his order that the Army protect escaped slaves.
He also encouraged border states to outlaw slavery, and promoted the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution which outlawed slavery across the country.
Lincoln managed his own successful re-election campaign. He sought to reconcile the war-torn nation by exonerating the secessionists.
On April 14, 1865, just days after the war’s end at Appomattox, he was enjoying a night at the theatre with his wife Mary when he was assassinated by Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth.
Lincoln’s marriage had produced four sons, two of whom preceded him in death, with severe emotional impact upon him and Mary.
Lincoln is remembered as the United States’ martyr hero, and he is consistently ranked both by scholars and the public as the greatest U.S. president.